Immovable property, including land plots, buildings and other property, is firmly connected to the land (these are objects that cannot be moved without damaging their purposes). The emergence, change, and termination of rights (encumbrances to the rights) to immovable property arises from the moment of its registration. State registration is performed by the Ministry of Justice at a location of the respective property. The registration authority keeps a legal cadastre, which includes information on current and terminated title rights for real estate and other objects of registration, identification characteristics of real estate, and information about right holders. Information can only be obtained from the legal cadastre upon request of the owner of immovable property (or their authorized representatives, acting mostly by proxy) and state authorities. Title rights to real estate shall be certified by putting a mark on the title documents when the rights are registered. A title document regarding immovable property is usually a sale-and-purchase contract or other document indicating transfer of ownership to immovable property (such as a court decision, transfer act, decision of a local authority, etc.).
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