All goods and transportation vehicles are transferred across a customs border under the terms and conditions of the declared customs procedure (regime). The customs procedure is a set of provisions defining a status of the goods and transportation vehicles, which are transferred across a customs border.

17 customs regimes are currently operating, which could be divided into:

  • main procedures, which include release for internal consumption, export, and customs transit;

  • economic customs procedures, which include processing in the customs territory (tolling), processing outside of the customs territory, processing for internal consumption, temporary import (admission), a customs warehouse, a free warehouse, free customs zones, and a special customs procedure;

  • final customs procedures – re-importation, re-export, destruction and refusal in favour of the state;

  • special procedures, which include temporary export, duty-free trade.

Each of the listed customs procedures provides special conditions and requirements (bans) to the transferrable goods and vehicles; conditions, on which the goods would be kept and used in the territory of a country and outside of it; requirements to the legal status of a person transferring the goods and vehicles across a customs border.

The right choice of a customs procedure should be relevant to the characteristics of imported goods or vehicle, conditions and purposes of the external economic transaction that is one of the main conditions of successful implementation of a specific transaction or project.

Premature request of a foreign trader for the qualified consultation on customs regulation will help to avoid possible mistakes and will structure an external economic transaction with the smallest risks and optimise fiscal loading.

Relying on GRATA Law Firm’s long-term experience, we are ready to offer the following services:

  • legal analysis of a foreign trade transaction for compliance with requirements of the customs legislation, an exception or the maximum decrease in customs risks. Recommendations on transaction structure;

  • consultation concerning the choice of an optimum customs procedure to the imported and exported goods, terms of delivery of goods, changing or completion of the chosen customs procedure;

  • explanation of provisions of the customs legislation of the Customs Union and development of practical recommendations on their application;

  • definition of classification codes of goods or product range of foreign trade activity (HS code);

  • assistance in obtaining a preliminary decision on HS code, carrying out examinations with a view of the correct application of rates of customs duties and/or representation, in this regard, of interests before customs authorities;

  • cancellation, change or withdrawal of the preliminary decision;

  • legal support of investment projects connected with import and export of equipment, components and spare parts, sea vessels and air crafts.



  • preparation of analysis of the legislation of the Customs Union concerning a turnover of oil products for a Russian mining company;

  • advising a French technical engineering company on customs procedures on export of goods from Kazakhstan;

  • advising a large Russian subsoil user concerning customs regimes, payments and privileges applicable in the territory of Kazakhstan at application of "Tolling structure";

  • drafting the USAID review of tax and customs legislation regulating import and turnover of humanitarian aid in Kazakhstan and the Customs Union. Development of recommendations about amendments to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in terms of regulation of humanitarian aid deliveries.

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Drinks reception was held at the residence of the British Ambassador to the Republic of Kazakhstan

On 6 December 2017 the drinks reception was held in Astana, Kazakhstan. 


Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, partner of GRATA International, spoke at the International Conference "PPP Projects in International Context"

On 5 December 2017 the International Conference "PPP Projects in International Context" was held in Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany.

Yerzhan spoke on key questions of PPP projects implementation in Kazakhstan, particular issues of national legislation, basis PPP models in Kazakhstan, issues relating to regulation of PPP projects and key trends of development of PPP in the near future.


Nurlan Kyshtobaev conducted a guest lecture on “concession agreements”

On November 28th, 2017 Nurlan Kyshtobaev, partner of GRATA International Bishkek office conducted a guest lecture on “concession agreements” and “how law firms operate”. The lecture was read to the students of International Business Law department of the American University of Central Asia (AUCA) within the course “Investment Law and Sustainable Development”. Earlier this year, GRATA International in Bishkek signed a MoU with AUCA on cooperation. 


4th Downstream Caspian & Central Asia conference

4th Downstream Caspian & Central Asia conference was held in Baku, Azerbaijan on November 28.


Chamber Annual Networking Reception took place in Azerbaijan

On 22 November 2017 Dubai Chamber Annual Networking Reception took place in Azerbaijan, Baku with the aim of highlighting achievements, discussing plans, and reward most active companies. 


Amcham November Luncheon

On November 16, 2017, American Chamber of Commerce in Azerbaijan (AmCham Azerbaijan) organized its monthly members’ luncheon.


Amcham Legal & Compliance Working Group’s November Meeting

AmCham Legal and Compliance Working Group hosted its regular meeting on November 1, 2017.


Railway “Baku-Tbilisi-Kars” was opened in Azerbaijan

The opening ceremony of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway (BTK) was held on October 30, 2017 in Baku.  


Extension of PSA for Azeri-Chirag-Gunashli Oil Field

On October 31, 2017, MilliMajlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan ratified a new production sharing agreement. 


PPP Law in Kazakhstan (unofficial English translation)

Since 1991, Kazakhstan, Central Asia’s largest economy and oil producer, has had to rely on the deteriorating infrastructure it inherited from the Soviet Union. As a result, nearly every piece of public infrastructure (e.g., roads, hospitals, power plants, kindergartens, sewerages) in Kazakhstan requires a different degree of upgrading or expansion. It is expected that proper PPPs and project finance deals will finally take off in Kazakhstan in the near future, firstly because proper legislation on PPPs has been put in place in 2015 and, secondly, after decades of neglect, the government of Kazakhstan has finally not only declared, but seems to confirm its readiness to improve the investment climate and to attract private investments through PPPs (including into the housing and utilities sector) and decided to invest at least part of the wealth from commodity exports in long-postponed infrastructure projects.


Yana Dianova assisted the World Bank in preparation of the Doing Business 2018 annual report on Russian Federation

Yana Dianova, Director of the Corporate and Commercial Law Department of GRATA International (Moscow office), took part in the preparation of the Doing business 2018 annual report by the World Bank on the Russian Federation.

В Каспийском Университете прошли гостевые лекции с GRATA International

С 10 по 16 ноября 2017 года Каспийский Университет принял юристов GRATA International в качестве лекторов по актуальным темам.


GRATA International has been recognised as an ‘outstanding’ law firm according to Asialaw Profiles 2018

We are proud announce that GRATA International has been ranked as an Outstanding Law Firm by Asia Law Profiles 2018


GRATA International organised a Doing business in Kazakhstan seminar in Atyrau

On 13 November 2017, in celebration of 20 years of GRATA International in Atyrau, we organised a Doing business in Kazakhstan via a Joint Venture and Consortium seminar.


GRATA International in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

As a further step in GRATA International’s strategy designed to provide a comprehensive coverage in the Eurasian region, we are pleased to announce the expansion of our Mongolian desk into a significant presence in Ulaanbaatar.  Absolute Advocates, a full-service law firm, has started operating as an associate firm of GRATA International with effect from November 10, 2017.


Shaimerden Chikanayev Took Part in the Round Table ‘Strategy 2025’

On 7 November 2017, a round table ‘Strategy 2025’ was held in Almaty.


GRATA International Took Part in the Kazakh Forum of Corporate Lawyers

On 2-3 November 2017, the XII Forum of Corporate Lawyers was held in Almaty. GRATA International took part in the Forum as speakers.


Doing business in Kazakhstan seminar

On 13 November 2017, in celebration of 20 years of GRATA International in Atyrau we are organising a DOING BUSINESS IN KAZAKHSTAN VIA JOINT VENTURE AND CONSORTIUM seminar.


Arzinger & Partners Associate office of GRATA International in Belarus “Climbed up” in the Rating IFLR 1000

And again October, and again the time of the rating IFLR1000.

In the company section of IFLR 1000 Financial & Corporate we have gone up and take a worthy place in Tier 2! Similarly, we are located in the section Project Development, which replaced Energy & Infrastructure.


Associate office of GRATA International in Samara RBL became a partner of the large industrial park of the Samara region

Associate office of GRATA International in Samara RBL law office became a partner of the large industrial park of the Samara region


Bakhyt Tukulov: "It's awesome to be a lawyer!"

On 10 November, Bakhyt Tukulov, Partner, Director of the Litigation Practice, will speak at the Caspian University.


Tax Advising

Preparations are being made in Belarus for the introduction of a new institute in the consulting sphere - tax advising. Edict of the President adopted on September 19 serves this purpose by approving the Regulation on the activities of tax advisers in Belarus.


GRATA International hosted a Termination of employment agreement seminar in Atyrau

On 13 October 2017, in Atyrau, at the Renaissance Hotel, GRATA International hosted a Termination of employment agreement seminar devoted to labour law regulation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.


Проверка российского контрагента перед сделкой

Статья управляющего партнера Ассоциированного офиса GRATA International в Новосибирске (Россия) USCONSALT Евгении Бондаренко о проверке российского контрагента перед сделкой.


Как предъявить иск в суд к российской компании

Статья управляющего партнера Ассоциированного офиса GRATA International в Новосибирске (Россия) USCONSALT Евгении Бондаренко о соблюдении ряда обязательных требований при принятии процессуального обращения арбитражным судом Российской Федерации. 


IFLR 1000 2018 recognised Shaimerden Chikanayev as a Highly regarded lawyer for Financial & Corporate law

GRATA International is delighted to confirm that Shaimerden Chikanayev has been endorsed as a Highly regarded lawyer for Financial & Corporate law following client and peer recommendations during IFLR1000's research process.


GRATA International participated in the 19th German Economy Day in Kazakhstan

On 6 October 2017, the Union of German Economy in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Representative Office of the German Economy in Central Asia held the 19th Day of German Economy in Kazakhstan.


GRATA International visited Almaty Invest - 2017

On 5 October 2017, the International Investment Forum - "Almaty Invest" - was held. The Forum platform annually incorporate about 500 high-ranking participants. 

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Assel Ilyasova

Partner, Head of Tax Law Department


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