All goods and transportation vehicles are transferred across a customs border under the terms and conditions of the declared customs procedure (regime). The customs procedure is a set of provisions defining a status of the goods and transportation vehicles, which are transferred across a customs border.
17 customs regimes are currently operating, which could be divided into:
main procedures, which include release for internal consumption, export, and customs transit;
economic customs procedures, which include processing in the customs territory (tolling), processing outside of the customs territory, processing for internal consumption, temporary import (admission), a customs warehouse, a free warehouse, free customs zones, and a special customs procedure;
final customs procedures – re-importation, re-export, destruction and refusal in favour of the state;
special procedures, which include temporary export, duty-free trade.
Each of the listed customs procedures provides special conditions and requirements (bans) to the transferrable goods and vehicles; conditions, on which the goods would be kept and used in the territory of a country and outside of it; requirements to the legal status of a person transferring the goods and vehicles across a customs border.
The right choice of a customs procedure should be relevant to the characteristics of imported goods or vehicle, conditions and purposes of the external economic transaction that is one of the main conditions of successful implementation of a specific transaction or project.
Premature request of a foreign trader for the qualified consultation on customs regulation will help to avoid possible mistakes and will structure an external economic transaction with the smallest risks and optimise fiscal loading.
Relying on GRATA Law Firm’s long-term experience, we are ready to offer the following services:
legal analysis of a foreign trade transaction for compliance with requirements of the customs legislation, an exception or the maximum decrease in customs risks. Recommendations on transaction structure;
consultation concerning the choice of an optimum customs procedure to the imported and exported goods, terms of delivery of goods, changing or completion of the chosen customs procedure;
explanation of provisions of the customs legislation of the Customs Union and development of practical recommendations on their application;
definition of classification codes of goods or product range of foreign trade activity (HS code);
assistance in obtaining a preliminary decision on HS code, carrying out examinations with a view of the correct application of rates of customs duties and/or representation, in this regard, of interests before customs authorities;
cancellation, change or withdrawal of the preliminary decision;
legal support of investment projects connected with import and export of equipment, components and spare parts, sea vessels and air crafts.
preparation of analysis of the legislation of the Customs Union concerning a turnover of oil products for a Russian mining company;
advising a French technical engineering company on customs procedures on export of goods from Kazakhstan;
advising a large Russian subsoil user concerning customs regimes, payments and privileges applicable in the territory of Kazakhstan at application of "Tolling structure";
drafting the USAID review of tax and customs legislation regulating import and turnover of humanitarian aid in Kazakhstan and the Customs Union. Development of recommendations about amendments to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in terms of regulation of humanitarian aid deliveries.
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The EBRD supports the development and strengthening of local capital markets within the framework of the current reform program of Uzbekistan to ensure openness of the economy.
Требования Общего регламента по защите данных (General Data Protection Regulation) (далее - «Регламент» или «GDPR»), вступившего в силу с 25 мая 2018 г., применяются согласно его статье 3 (2) в том числе к контроллерам и операторам персональных данных, не учрежденным в ЕС, если они обрабатывают персональные данные субъектов персональных данных (физических лиц) находящихся в ЕС
We are proud to announce that Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, partner and head of GRATA International’s Real Estate, Construction & Insfrastructure, Telecommunications & Transport departments, has been named among the best real estate lawyers in the world and featured in WWL 2018: Real Estate for the second consecutive year.
GRATA International has cemented its position as one of the leading firms in Central Asia and Caspian region, following the release of major international legal rating Chambers&Partners Asia-Pacific 2019. GRATA International has secured a ranking in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Общий регламент по защите данных (General Data Protection Regulation), принятый Европейским парламентом 17 декабря 2015 г. (далее - «Регламент» или «GDPR») вступил в силу с 25 мая 2018 г.
11 декабря 2018 г. пройдет Саммит Лидеров Рынка Инфраструктурных Проектов в г. Москва, Россия.
On 23 November 2018, Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, Partner of the GRATA International law firm, spoke at the CLF 2018 Forum on Construction Regulation.
On 8-9 November 2018, the XIII Kazakhstan Forum of Corporate Lawyers was held in Almaty.
On November 9, the Parliament passed a package of changes introducing simplifications in tax and business law aimed for entrepreneurs.
On November 14, President Andrzej Duda endorsed an act introducing 9% rate of corporate income tax (CIT) for small businesses as well as certain changes regarding tax deductible costs in case of acquisition and exploitation of passenger cars by companies.
On November 25 the provisions will come into force that will allow businesses to continue operations despite the death of the enterprise’s owner.
8-9 ноября 2018 г. состоялся XIII Казахстанский форум корпоративных юристов в г. Алматы.
В очередной раз GRATA International получила высокую оценку от Asialaw profiles, одного из ведущих справочников по лучшим юридическим фирмам в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе.
For another consecutive year GRATA International received high appraisals from Asialaw profiles, one of
the leading legal guides to top law firms and practitioners in Asia-Pacific.
The importance of the so-called natural monopolies in Kazakhstan can be seen in the fact that some of Kazakhstan’s largest and most powerful corporate empires, such as the KEGOC (national transmission grid operator) and KTZ (national railway company), are officially subject to natural monopoly regulation.
22 октября 2018 г. Президент Российской Федерации подписал Указ № 592 "О применении специальных экономических мер в связи с недружественными действиями Украины в отношении граждан и юридических лиц Российской Федерации", согласно которому федеральным органам государственной власти, органам государственной власти субъектов Российской Федерации, иным государственным органам, органам местного самоуправления, организациям и физическим лицам, находящимся под юрисдикцией России, необходимо в своей деятельности исходить из того, что со дня вступления данного Указа в отношении отдельных физических и юридических лиц, определенных Правительством РФ, применяются специальные экономические меры.
On 22 October 2018, the President of the Russian Federation signed Decree No. 592 "On the application of special economic measures in connection with the unfriendly actions of Ukraine in relation to citizens and legal entities of the Russian Federation", according to which the federal government bodies, local authorities, organizations and individuals under the jurisdiction of Russia need in their activities to proceed from the fact that from the date of entry into force of this Decree special economic measures are applied in respect of certain individuals and entities identified by the Government of the Russian Federation.
IFLR1000 has released its 2019 rankings identifying leading firms and lawyers worldwide.
GRATA International has been ranked in 7 jurisdictions in Europe and Asia: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. IFLR1000 paid special attention to GRATA’s wide geographical coverage in Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
Dmitri Papadopoulos, Executive Director of GRATA International Association - a Swiss Verein, was on an official visit to Almaty on 5 November 2018.
We are happy to announce that we have now become GRATA International Association - a Swiss Verein registered in Switzerland.
After successfully passing the exam and obtaining an advocate license, Shaimerden Chikanayev joined the Almaty City Bar and received the status of an advocate, granting him the right to protect the interests of his clients now not only in civil but also in criminal and administrative matters.
Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, Partner of GRATA International, gave a presentation at the trading session organised by the Malaysian Embassy in Kazakhstan for Malaysian companies interested in entering the Kazakhstani market.
The Astana International Financial Centre (AIFC) was launched on the 5 July 2018. It is a financial hub located in Astana, Kazakhstan. The aims of AIFC are to attract investment and bring in clients from Asia, Europe and the Middle East.
On 5 October 2018 Joint AmCham/BCC Career Fair was held in Baku, Azerbaijan.
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