Legal advice on the application of environmental legislation is becoming increasingly sought after in connection with big business related to mining, processing and export of natural resources, circulation of chemical and radioactive substances, the construction of large industrial facilities, and other activities.

Underestimating environmental requirements sometimes makes it economically unviable for companies to continue production activities due to large claims, fines, obligatory payments to the budget, or revocation of required licenses and permits.

GRATA Law Firm can provide you with advice on all issues of concern regarding the environmental law of Kazakhstan, including:

Advising on Environmental Permits

Production operations are usually accompanied by environmental emissions - emissions of air pollutants, waste water discharge, waste disposal into the environment and open storage of sulfur in the environment.

The Environmental Code of Kazakhstan requires that environmental emissions are made only if a company possesses an environmental permit, which sets out the specific, permissible amounts of pollution (standards of environmental emissions). According to the Tax Code, the emissions into the environment are subject to a fee payable to the budget.

Emitting without an environmental permit or exceeding emissions standards set out in a permit, results in a 10-time increase in thefee rate. In addition, this violation leads to the recovery of amounts of environmental damage and an administrative penalty (usually very large) in favor of the state.

It is no doubt then that it is easier to ensure compliance with the law than to find a way to escape liability for a violation. However, some requirements of the legislation of Kazakhstan on environmental emissions are unclear and inconsistent and they are also scattered throughout various regulations.

GRATA lawyers will help you find answers to any questions on the procedure and conditions for obtaining environmental permits, exercising the rights resulting from them, and terminating their validity. Waste ManagementPerformance of economic activities is usually associated with the formation of waste. Therefore, the majority of companies operating in Kazakhstan (mining, petroleum, metallurgy, trade, service, and many others) are subject to the requirements of the legislation of Kazakhstan on waste production and consumption.Legal regulation of waste management consists of many aspects, including classification of waste, payments for its disposal, issuing of permits for disposal into the environment, the establishment of requirements for waste storage, programming of waste management, and more. Failure to comply with the legal requirements for waste management can lead to serious negative effects such as administrative liability, tax accrual, recovery of the amount of environmental damage, and suspension of the company's operations.GRATA Law Firm can offer you advice on issues related to waste management.In particular, we provide the following consulting services:

1) checking the documents of the company in terms of waste, the production and consumption thereof (EIA, regulations of waste management, hazardous waste passports, emission permits, etc.) in order to detect violations of environmental laws and make recommendations for eliminating them;

2) analysis of individual problems and finding ways to resolve them;

3) analysis of the acts of state authorities, civil case files and administrative case files in order to assess the prospects for protecting the interests of companies involved in waste management.

Taking into account your needs and the conditions of a particular situation, we can provide you other consulting services regarding waste management. GRATA lawyers are asked a lot of different questions in the course of their work advising on issues connected with the environmental legislation of Kazakhstan. For instance, what are the criteria for classifying liquid and solid wastes as radioactive wastes? What are the requirements for the establishment of protective and sanitary protection zones or other facilities? What steps must be taken in the case of a man-made disaster at liquidated facilities? What is required by the legislation of Kazakhstan in terms of importing and using ozone destroying substances? What restrictions on the activities in the territory of reserves are established by law? What permits must be obtained for the discharge of waste water into the subsoil? And there are many others.Our lawyers are experts on the subject of Kazakhstani environmental law and are constantly refreshing their knowledge in providing consulting services, systematically summarising information on the specific problems that arise in practice, and their possible solutions. Our services can be very useful for you, and we are ready to discuss the opportunity to assist you with all your environmental law needs.



 

 

 


In the course of their careers GRATA lawyers have provided services to many large companies in oil and gas, petrochemical, gold, uranium, and other areas, as well as trade, transport and agricultural organisations. Please find below a brief description of the most relevant work done during the last two years:

  • comprehensive legal opinion on issues relating to obtaining all necessary documents for drilling works prepared for a Kazakhstani mining company;

  • advising a major oil company regarding damage compensation caused by gas flaring without a permit from the Ministry of Oil and Gas;

  • advising a major power generation company on issues regarding reduction of rate for emissions into the environment;

  • advising a local company, which owns a large internet-marketplace, on issues regarding activities within the territory of Kazakhstan, and recognition of possible risks;

  • comprehensive legal opinion on legal liability in connection with the treatment, transportation and storage of radioactive materials for a large foreign uranium company;

  • advising a large foreign oil-and-gas company on legal liability in connection with treatment, transportation and storage of oil products;

  • advising a large oil company on issues regarding a change of environmental requirements for gas flaring as a result of the adoption of the Law of RK 'On Subsoil and Subsoil Use', and issues of liability for environmental violations;

  • legal monitoring and advising on the process of collecting documents and submitting requests to the Ministry of Environmental Protection to obtain environmental permits, performed on behalf of many large oil-and-gas companies. As a result of our actions all declared environmental emissions limits have been accepted and approved by the Ministry, as reflected in the issued permits;

  • upon the request of one of the largest oil-and-gas consortia, we analysed environmental legislation regarding production and consumption of waste, prepared systematised reference material which was used by the consortium in its day-to-day production activities;

  • comprehensive legal opinion on legal liability in connection with treatment of radioactive materials for one of the largest Kazakhstani uranium producers and exporters;

  • performed a legal risks assessment regarding certain chapters of the Environmental Code of RK and prepared a plan of corrective actions for a group of subsoil users;

  • prepared a legal opinion for a large oil company regarding issues of disposal of waste waters originating from oil production;

  • prepared legal opinions on issues of economic assessment of environmental damage and gave other explanations to a number of large foreign companies regarding payment for environmental emissions;

  • advised subsoil users on legality of audits of state environmental bodies;

  • advised an oil company on drafting a contracting agreement and the need to obtain a permit for environmental emissions;

  • advised a phosphoric company on legal regulation of production wastes;

  • advised an oil company on drafting an agreement for disposal of strata waters in view of requirements of environmental legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

  • advised a foreign investment company on alternative energy business in Kazakhstan;

  • exhaustive legal opinion on issues of obtaining all necessary documents for drilling works prepared for a Kazakhstani mining company;

  • consulting a major oil company regarding damage compensation caused by gas flaring without the permit of the Ministry of Oil and Gas;

  • advising a major power generation company on issues regarding reduction of rate for emissions into the environment;

  • advising a local company, which owns a large internet-marketplace, on issues regarding activities within the territory of Kazakhstan, and recognition of possible risks;

  • prepared a comprehensive legal opinion on legal liability in connection with the treatment, transportation and storage of radioactive materials for a large foreign uranium company;

  • advised a large foreign oil-and-gas company on legal liability in connection with treatment, transportation and storage of oil products;

  • advised a large oil company on issues of change of environmental requirements to gas flaring as a result of adoption of the Law of RK 'On Subsoil and Subsoil Use', and issues of liability for environmental violations;

  • prepared a legal opinion for a large oil company regarding issues of disposal of waste waters originating from oil production;

  • prepared legal opinions on issues of economic assessment of environmental damage and gave other explanations to a number of large foreign companies regarding payment for environmental emissions;

  • advising a Kazakhstani energy company on obtaining quotas for emissions of greenhouse gas, drafting a memorandum for the Kazakhstani mining company on permissive documents required for drilling;

  • advising a Kazakhstani transport company on issues related to environmental emissions;

  • drafting a memorandum for a Kazakhstani oil company on the legal consequences of an accident at a well.

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07.12.2018

GDPR: когда контроллерам и операторам персональных данных необходимо назначать представителей в ЕС

Требования Общего регламента по защите данных (General Data Protection Regulation) (далее - «Регламент» или «GDPR»), вступившего в силу с 25 мая 2018 г., применяются согласно его статье 3 (2) в том числе к контроллерам и операторам персональных данных, не учрежденным в ЕС, если они обрабатывают персональные данные субъектов персональных данных (физических лиц) находящихся в ЕС

06.12.2018

Yerzhan Yessimkhanov has been named among the best real estate lawyers in Who’s Who Legal 2018

We are proud to announce that Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, partner and head of GRATA International’s Real Estate, Construction & Insfrastructure, Telecommunications & Transport departments, has been named among the best real estate lawyers in the world and featured in WWL 2018: Real Estate for the second consecutive year. 

05.12.2018

Chambers&Partners Asia-Pacific 2019 released

GRATA International has cemented its position as one of the leading firms in Central Asia and Caspian region, following the release of major international legal rating Chambers&Partners Asia-Pacific 2019. GRATA International has secured a ranking in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

05.12.2018

Общий регламент ЕС по защите данных (GDPR): территориальное действие

Общий регламент по защите данных (General Data Protection Regulation), принятый Европейским парламентом 17 декабря 2015 г. (далее - «Регламент» или «GDPR») вступил в силу с 25 мая 2018 г.

27.11.2018

GRATA International выступит на Саммите Лидеров Рынка Инфраструктурных Проектов

11 декабря 2018 г. пройдет Саммит Лидеров Рынка Инфраструктурных Проектов в г. Москва, Россия.

26.11.2018

Yerzhan Yessimkhanov was a speaker at the CLF 2018 Forum

On 23 November 2018, Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, Partner of the GRATA International law firm, spoke at the CLF 2018 Forum on Construction Regulation.

16.11.2018

Partners of GRATA International were speakers at the XIII Kazakhstan Forum of Corporate Lawyers

On 8-9 November 2018, the XIII Kazakhstan Forum of Corporate Lawyers was held in Almaty.

21.11.2018

Simplifications for small and medium sized companies

On November 9, the Parliament passed a package of changes introducing simplifications in tax and business law aimed for entrepreneurs. 

21.11.2018

Act on 9% CIT rate

On November 14, President Andrzej Duda endorsed an act introducing 9% rate of corporate income tax (CIT) for small businesses as well as certain changes regarding tax deductible costs in case of acquisition and exploitation of passenger cars by companies.

 

21.11.2018

Possibility of conducting a business activity despite the death of the owner

On November 25 the provisions will come into force that will allow businesses to continue operations despite the death of the enterprise’s owner. 

16.11.2018

Партнеры GRATA International выступили на XIII Казахстанском форуме корпоративных юристов

8-9 ноября 2018 г. состоялся XIII Казахстанский форум корпоративных юристов в г. Алматы.

15.11.2018

GRATA International в рейтинге Asialaw Profiles 2019

В очередной раз GRATA International получила высокую оценку от Asialaw profiles, одного из ведущих справочников по лучшим юридическим фирмам в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе.

15.11.2018

GRATA International ranked in Asialaw Profiles 2019

For another consecutive year GRATA International received high appraisals from Asialaw profiles, one of
the leading legal guides to top law firms and practitioners in Asia-Pacific.

14.11.2018

Natural monopolies in Kazakhstan: The right time to invest?

The importance of the so-called natural monopolies in Kazakhstan can be seen in the fact that some of Kazakhstan’s largest and most powerful corporate empires, such as the KEGOC (national transmission grid operator) and KTZ (national railway company), are officially subject to natural monopoly regulation.

09.11.2018

Санкции России в отношении украинских юридических и физических лиц

22 октября 2018 г. Президент Российской Федерации подписал Указ № 592 "О применении специальных экономических мер в связи с недружественными действиями Украины в отношении граждан и юридических лиц Российской Федерации", согласно которому федеральным органам государственной власти, органам государственной власти субъектов Российской Федерации, иным государственным органам, органам местного самоуправления, организациям и физическим лицам, находящимся под юрисдикцией России, необходимо в своей деятельности исходить из того, что со дня вступления данного Указа в отношении отдельных физических и юридических лиц, определенных Правительством РФ, применяются специальные экономические меры.

09.11.2018

Russian sanctions against Ukrainian nationals and legal entities

On 22 October 2018, the President of the Russian Federation signed Decree No. 592 "On the application of special economic measures in connection with the unfriendly actions of Ukraine in relation to citizens and legal entities of the Russian Federation", according to which the federal government bodies, local authorities, organizations and individuals under the jurisdiction of Russia need in their activities to proceed from the fact that from the date of entry into force of this Decree special economic measures are applied in respect of certain individuals and entities identified by the Government of the Russian Federation.

GRATA International ranked across several jurisdictions in ILFR1000 2019

IFLR1000 has released its 2019 rankings identifying leading firms and lawyers worldwide.

GRATA International has been ranked in 7 jurisdictions in Europe and Asia: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. IFLR1000 paid special attention to GRATA’s wide geographical coverage in Central Asia and Eastern Europe.

06.11.2018

Executive Director of GRATA International Association was on an official visit to Kazakhstan

Dmitri Papadopoulos, Executive Director of GRATA International Association - a Swiss Verein, was on an official visit to Almaty on 5 November 2018. 

02.11.2018

GRATA International became a Swiss Verein

We are happy to announce that we have now become GRATA International Association - a Swiss Verein registered in Switzerland.

30.10.2018

Partner Shaimerden Chikanayev - Member of the Almaty City Bar Association

After successfully passing the exam and obtaining an advocate license, Shaimerden Chikanayev joined the Almaty City Bar and received the status of an advocate, granting him the right to protect the interests of his clients now not only in civil but also in criminal and administrative matters.

29.10.2018

Yerzhan Yessimkhanov gave a presentation at the trading session organised for Malaysian companies

Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, Partner of GRATA International, gave a presentation at the trading session organised by the Malaysian Embassy in Kazakhstan for Malaysian companies interested in entering the Kazakhstani market.

26.10.2018

How to register a business in Astana International Financial Centre

The Astana International Financial Centre (AIFC) was launched on the 5 July 2018. It is a financial hub located in Astana, Kazakhstan. The aims of AIFC are to attract investment and bring in clients from Asia, Europe and the Middle East.

23.10.2018

GRATA Azerbaijan participated at the Joint AmCham/BCC Career Fair

On 5 October 2018 Joint AmCham/BCC Career Fair was held in Baku, Azerbaijan. 
 


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Leila Makhmetova

Counsel, Director of Environmental Law Department

Almaty

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