In recent years, many companies in Kazakhstan are experiencing shrinking asset valuesand increasing debt burdens. Effectively dealing with these issues requires guidance from lawyers who can assist with debt restructuring, insolvency and funding challenges.
Before insolvency proceedings have been initiated against a Kazakh debtor, a Kazakh borrower will normally seek one or a combination of concessions from lenders, depending mainly on their current and projected cash flows. These may include, for example, temporaryrelief from making payments; a postponement of the maturity date; other changes in the payment schedule;forgiveness of part of the indebtedness; debt for equity swaps; waiver of breaches of covenant; releases from certain financial or other covenants; standstill provisions, i.e., creditors’ agreement not to exercise certain rights or remedies; and provision of additional financing.
The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Rehabilitation and Bankruptcy” No. 176-V ЗРК dated 7 March 2014 (the “Bankruptcy Law”) provides for the following three insolvency regimes that may be applied to a Kazakh insolvent debtor if out-of-court workout did not work:
1. accelerated rehabilitation;
2. rehabilitation; and
Accelerated rehabilitation and rehabilitation are intended to rescue the debtor. A final liquidation (i.e., bankruptcy) guillotines the debtor.
Accelerated rehabilitation can be initiated by the debtor in the court proceeding provided that no rehabilitation or bankruptcy proceeding has been initiated against the debtor and the debtor is insolvent or will not be able to meet his or her monetary obligations on the due date within the next 12 months. Under the Bankruptcy Law, the debtor is insolvent if one or more of the following conditions are met: a) non-payment under health or life damage obligations, obligations to its employees, social insurance and pension payments, payments under copyright agreements within three months after they became due for the amount of 100 so-called monthly calculated indexes (approximately US$580); b) non-payment under tax and other budget obligations within four months after they became due for the amount of 150 monthly calculated indexes (approximately US$880); c) non-payment by a debtor – legal entity under any other obligations within three months after they became due for the total amount of 1,000 monthly calculated indexes (approximately US$5,900). Upon introduction of accelerated rehabilitation by the court, the following main legal implications arise:
1. the debtor may not use and realise its property except in the course of regular commercial operations, if provided by the rehabilitation plan or upon consent of the affected creditors;
2. a stay of enforcement of court decisions or arbitration awards issued earlier upon claims of affected creditors;
3. the affected creditors cannot file for bankruptcy of the debtor; and
4. withdrawal of money from the debtor’s account and foreclosure of the debtor’s property is prohibited.
Rehabilitation may be initiated in the court proceeding by either the debtor itself or its creditors. The debtor may file for rehabilitation if he or she is either insolvent or unable to meet his or her monetary obligations on the due date within the next 12 months. Creditors may file for rehabilitation if the debtor is insolvent. Unlike accelerated rehabilitation, within a rehabilitation procedure creditors may decide to deprive existing shareholders and pass management over the debtor to a specially appointed rehabilitation manager. The legal implications of the introduction of rehabilitation by the court are generally the same as for the accelerated rehabilitation discussed above.
Bankruptcy may be initiated in the court proceeding by the debtor itself, creditors, the prosecutor, the rehabilitation manager, or if, in the course of rehabilitation, it turns out that rehabilitation is not possible, the state body responsible for tax and other payments to the budget. Upon resolution of the court on the bankruptcy of the debtor, the bankruptcy manager realises the debtor’s property through public auction and satisfies the claims of the creditors included on the register of creditors’ claims in the prescribed by law order of priority (e.g. secured creditors are second in line of priority).
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The EBRD supports the development and strengthening of local capital markets within the framework of the current reform program of Uzbekistan to ensure openness of the economy.
Требования Общего регламента по защите данных (General Data Protection Regulation) (далее - «Регламент» или «GDPR»), вступившего в силу с 25 мая 2018 г., применяются согласно его статье 3 (2) в том числе к контроллерам и операторам персональных данных, не учрежденным в ЕС, если они обрабатывают персональные данные субъектов персональных данных (физических лиц) находящихся в ЕС
We are proud to announce that Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, partner and head of GRATA International’s Real Estate, Construction & Insfrastructure, Telecommunications & Transport departments, has been named among the best real estate lawyers in the world and featured in WWL 2018: Real Estate for the second consecutive year.
GRATA International has cemented its position as one of the leading firms in Central Asia and Caspian region, following the release of major international legal rating Chambers&Partners Asia-Pacific 2019. GRATA International has secured a ranking in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Общий регламент по защите данных (General Data Protection Regulation), принятый Европейским парламентом 17 декабря 2015 г. (далее - «Регламент» или «GDPR») вступил в силу с 25 мая 2018 г.
11 декабря 2018 г. пройдет Саммит Лидеров Рынка Инфраструктурных Проектов в г. Москва, Россия.
On 23 November 2018, Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, Partner of the GRATA International law firm, spoke at the CLF 2018 Forum on Construction Regulation.
On 8-9 November 2018, the XIII Kazakhstan Forum of Corporate Lawyers was held in Almaty.
On November 9, the Parliament passed a package of changes introducing simplifications in tax and business law aimed for entrepreneurs.
On November 14, President Andrzej Duda endorsed an act introducing 9% rate of corporate income tax (CIT) for small businesses as well as certain changes regarding tax deductible costs in case of acquisition and exploitation of passenger cars by companies.
On November 25 the provisions will come into force that will allow businesses to continue operations despite the death of the enterprise’s owner.
8-9 ноября 2018 г. состоялся XIII Казахстанский форум корпоративных юристов в г. Алматы.
В очередной раз GRATA International получила высокую оценку от Asialaw profiles, одного из ведущих справочников по лучшим юридическим фирмам в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе.
For another consecutive year GRATA International received high appraisals from Asialaw profiles, one of
the leading legal guides to top law firms and practitioners in Asia-Pacific.
The importance of the so-called natural monopolies in Kazakhstan can be seen in the fact that some of Kazakhstan’s largest and most powerful corporate empires, such as the KEGOC (national transmission grid operator) and KTZ (national railway company), are officially subject to natural monopoly regulation.
22 октября 2018 г. Президент Российской Федерации подписал Указ № 592 "О применении специальных экономических мер в связи с недружественными действиями Украины в отношении граждан и юридических лиц Российской Федерации", согласно которому федеральным органам государственной власти, органам государственной власти субъектов Российской Федерации, иным государственным органам, органам местного самоуправления, организациям и физическим лицам, находящимся под юрисдикцией России, необходимо в своей деятельности исходить из того, что со дня вступления данного Указа в отношении отдельных физических и юридических лиц, определенных Правительством РФ, применяются специальные экономические меры.
On 22 October 2018, the President of the Russian Federation signed Decree No. 592 "On the application of special economic measures in connection with the unfriendly actions of Ukraine in relation to citizens and legal entities of the Russian Federation", according to which the federal government bodies, local authorities, organizations and individuals under the jurisdiction of Russia need in their activities to proceed from the fact that from the date of entry into force of this Decree special economic measures are applied in respect of certain individuals and entities identified by the Government of the Russian Federation.
IFLR1000 has released its 2019 rankings identifying leading firms and lawyers worldwide.
GRATA International has been ranked in 7 jurisdictions in Europe and Asia: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. IFLR1000 paid special attention to GRATA’s wide geographical coverage in Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
Dmitri Papadopoulos, Executive Director of GRATA International Association - a Swiss Verein, was on an official visit to Almaty on 5 November 2018.
We are happy to announce that we have now become GRATA International Association - a Swiss Verein registered in Switzerland.
After successfully passing the exam and obtaining an advocate license, Shaimerden Chikanayev joined the Almaty City Bar and received the status of an advocate, granting him the right to protect the interests of his clients now not only in civil but also in criminal and administrative matters.
Yerzhan Yessimkhanov, Partner of GRATA International, gave a presentation at the trading session organised by the Malaysian Embassy in Kazakhstan for Malaysian companies interested in entering the Kazakhstani market.
The Astana International Financial Centre (AIFC) was launched on the 5 July 2018. It is a financial hub located in Astana, Kazakhstan. The aims of AIFC are to attract investment and bring in clients from Asia, Europe and the Middle East.
On 5 October 2018 Joint AmCham/BCC Career Fair was held in Baku, Azerbaijan.
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