Law on Telemedicine

From 1 January 2018 the Federal Law 'On the Introduction of Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on the Application of Information Technologies in the Area of Health Protection' No. 242-FZ dated 29 July 2017 comes into force (except for certain provisions).

Telemedicine technologies are defined as information technologies that provide for remote interaction of medical officers between each other and with patients, for identification and authentication of them, for documenting their actions during consultations, and for remote medical supervision of  a patient's health.

Medical assistance with the use of telemedicine technologies shall be organised and provided according to the procedure established by the competent federal executive authority, the procedures for the provision of medical care and based on medical care standards.

Consultations to a patient or his/her legal representative can be provided by a healthcare professional with the use of telemedicine technologies for the following purposes:

- prevention, collection, analysis of patient complaints and history data, evaluation of  the effectiveness of medical and diagnostic measures, medical supervision of the patient's health;

- making a decision on the need in a face-to-face attendance (examination, consultation).

When providing consultations with the use of telemedicine technologies, the doctor can correct  the previously prescribed treatment, if the diagnosis is established by him/her and the treatment is prescribed at the face-to-face attendance (examination, consultation).

Documenting of the information on the medical assistance to a patient using telemedicine technologies, including making entries into the patient's medical documents, shall be performed using a strengthened qualified electronic signature of a healthcare professional.

A patient or his/her legal representative may receive medical documents (copies thereof) and extracts therefrom, including in e-form, on request sent, inter alia, in e-form.

The Uniform State Information System in the area of public health will be created.